General information

Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, located in the foothills of the Pamir mountains. This is the smallest state in Central Asia by area. It borders Uzbekistan to the West and Northwest, Kyrgyzstan to the North, China to the East, and Afghanistan to the South.

The capital is Dushanbe.
The official language is Tajik, and Tajikistan is the only Persian — speaking state in the former Soviet Central Asia.
Area: 141 of 400 km
Population: 9 537 645 people (2020)
Capital: Dushanbe
Largest city: Khujand, Kulyab, Bokhtar, Panjikent, Isfara, Istaravshan
Phone code: 992
National domain: .tj
The highest peaks:
Altitude:
Ismoil Somoni Peak –  7495
Abuali ibn  Sino Peak          7134
Korzhenevskaya Peak          7105
Istiklol Peak                           6974
Moscow Peak                         6785
Karl Marx Peak                     6726
Garmo Peak                           6595
Afsonai Shuravi Peak            6233
Angels Peak                            6510
Vudor Peak                             6132
Muzkuli Shimoli Peak           6128
Mayakovski Peak                   6096
Pakhhor Peak                         6083
Tajikistan have profound natural resources such rivers and lakes. There are more 947 rivers which covers 28500 kilometer of the country. These numbers possess about 60% Central Asian water recourses
The longest rivers
(Only in the territory of Tajikistan)
Panj – 921km
Amudaryo –  65km
Sirdaryo – 185km
Zarafshon – 306km
Bartang-Murgob – 491km
Vakhsh – 524km
Kofarnihon – 387km
Gund – 296km
Snow and glaciers lied in the high elevations.  The total area of glaciers which were measured more than 1000 by volume is 8476 square kilometer. There are more than sixteen glaciers which have 16-km length such Fedchenko and Grum-Gruzhemailo
Largest glaciers
Name                        area, km       volume, km3
Fedchenko                156,0                 93,6
Garmo                      114,6                   —
Vitkovsky                  50,2                   6,882
AS   USSR                 48,0                   5,242
Nalivkin                     45,2                    8,588
Bivachi                       37,0                    8,05
Grum-Gruzhemailo   37,0                    19,84
There are more than 1300 lakes in the country with 705 square kilometer and amongst the biggest are Karoqul, Sarez and Yashikul. Mostly lakes can be found on 3500m and higher elevation
Largest lakes
(area, km2)
Karoqul                             380,0
Sarez                                   79,64
Zorkul                                38,9
Yashikkul                           38,0
Shorkul                                16,3
Largest reservoirs
Name                               area, km2                                 million m3
Qairoqqum                      520,0                                         4160
Norak                               106,0                                        10500
The land, flora and fauna of Tajikistan are diverse, fertile and highly capable. Tajikistan’s forests are rich. There are more than 80 species of mammals, more than 365 birds’ species, 49 species of reptiles, about 40 species of fish, more than 10 thousand species of insects. Snow leopards, lynxes, bears, wolves, foxes, foxes, as well as deer and argali (mountain sheep) live  in the country.
At present, there are 4 nature reserves (“Tiger Forest”, “Romit”, “Dashti Jum”, “Zorkul”), 13 nurseries and the National Park. These areas  cover 21% of the territory of Tajikistan.
Tajikistan has a lot of mineral resources. Currently, more than 400 resourses are known and including about 100 operating mines with extraction and processing up to 40 types of minerals both fuel (about 10 percent) and non-metallic (about 90 percent) minerals. Tajikistan is a leader in the region in terms of coal reserves. The total geological reserves in this sector are about 4.0 billion tons. The country  also have lots of polychemical resources, precious stones, rare metals: zinc, lead, bismuth, molybdenum, tungsten, gold, silver, antimony, mercury, as well as gas and oil.
Agricultural potential (thousand hectares)
Arable lands area                           864.4
Irrigated lands area                      592.3
Sown area, total                                 900,2
Including leguminous crops             401.9
Technical crops, total                        294
Including cotton                                262.9
Potatoes                                              27.9
Vegetables                                         35.8

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